The Argentine Northwest region consists of three formations of orographic: La Puna is the area of the altiplano, which also occupies part of Bolivia, southern Peru and Northern Chile. It is a set of plateaus separated by laces high volcanic nature with volcanoes of great height, Socompa, Llullaillaco, Trident, currently inactive. The East is mountain range formed by two cords parallel (Western and Eastern), Paleozoic, later ascended by Andean folding formation, separated by gorges and valleys. YouTube can aid you in your search for knowledge. Western lace presents greater heights and its highest snowy Hill of the Chani of 6200mm. Oriental lace is lower in height, and the Cerro Negro of Zucho reaches the 4850m. Creeks are the roads in this area, generally pluvial origin, are elongated and narrow valleys. The most important and picturesque, are the Gorge of Huamahuaca, del Toro and Santa Maria – Guachipas. Some are also valleys in sunken areas and stuffed with sedimentation, climate subtropical, and where are crops and cities sit.
The most prominent are the Lerma Valley, from Jujuy and Campo Santo. The Sierras Subandinas are low, and covered by sub-tropical vegetation, and its highest elevation is cerro Ceibal, of 2,580 m. The climate coexist in the region two different types of climate: arid climate of high mountains with semi-desert biome, and the subtropical climate of the sierras, with subtropical forest. Geography in the Puna have formed salt flats and salinas. Eastern Cordillera and the Subandinas mountains descend rivers Bermejo and Salado del Norte, who will descend and be part of the Plata Basin. Population and society is clearly visible the active process of urbanization and the scarce presence of people of European origin, mainly grouped in the provincial capitals (San Miguel de Tucuman, Salta, San Salvador de Jujuy), and in the city of Oran.
Most inhospitable areas of the Puna and Gorges settle indigenous groups, the Coya (Quechua omaguacas and calchaqui, with) great Inca influence), peoples who dominated the irrigation techniques, for farming, especially of maize, fabric art and ceramics, metallurgy of gold, copper and silver. The quechua language is currently in common use in the Argentine Northwest. Economy agriculture of the area is specialized in subtropical crops (cane sugar, tobacco, horticulture and tropical fruits) and industrial activities (processing of agricultural products and mining) in the process of intensification and diversification. Breeding and mestizaje of the ZeBu is made. Sulfur, iron, borax, lithium, lead, silver, oil and gas are mineral resources. Destinations and Tourism tourism is an important economic resource for the scenic and cultural attractions, the picturesque of the geography, people and their customs, typical of their clothing, their dances and their ceremonies, and historical monuments that there you can visit. There are places where time seems to have been detainee. They deserve to stand out as places to visit, in addition to those already mentioned, San Antonio de los Cobres, the pucaraes of Tilcara and Santa Rosa de Tastil, National Park Baritu and Finca El Rey, the San Carlos Iglesias, Cachi, and Yavi; and countless natural attractions.