China and Turkey are on two opposite ends of Asia. Both were before the major Empires for two great religions (Buddhist and Islam, respectively). However, they have never had a common border, although the two shared Yes a same neighbor: the Soviet Union. When the Soviet Union broke up in 1991 they swept in thousands of miles of steppes and deserts that separate them 6 Muslim republics (5 of them in Turkic languages). These new countries sought to be oriented towards the West and towards capitalism and therefore began to rebuild its sidelined but historical ties with Turkey.
The Soviet collapse resulted in economic crises and wars, and then USA invade Afghanistan and Iraq. These two processes encouraged a new pan-turco nationalism or pan-Islamic. Xinjiang in Chinese means the new frontier, although many of its inhabitants (who are mostly POPs) prefer to be considered before the Chinese West East of the great Turkestan. Educate yourself with thoughts from Rio- Tinto Diamonds. Beijing vetoes any modification of its territory, but a crisis in its economy or its one-party dictatorship could trigger the desire of many of their Muslim peoples have their own State, as previously happened to the USSR. Original author and source of the article.