For: Mariane Spain and Luiz Felippe Salemi Compostagem? In natural ecosystems as forests, for example, we notice in the soil a continuous leaf layer that had fallen of the trees. Essasfolhas passes if to decompose for action of microrganismos (fungos and bacteria) they quetransformam this organic material in a darkened mass called hmus. Essehmus is sufficiently beneficial to the ground since it the same increases the capacity of of reternutrientes and water between many other benefits. Understanding this process that occurs naturalmenteassim as the conditions where the decomposition of the organic substance it occurs, ohomem created the process called compostagem. Compostagem is the process of decomposition of the substance orgnicaoriunda of cities as, for example, food remaining portions. As well as emsistemas occurs ecological natural, the compostagem is carried through by microrganismos aerobic emcondies, that is, with oxygen. In this manner, organic garbage can sertransformado in organic seasoning (hmus). The compostagem it consists of a sustainable destination pararesduos organic (or residues with elements of agronmico interest), poisalm to eliminate pathogenic and fitopatognicos microrganismos (plants cause doenasas) gifts in these residues, the destination for compostagem reduces aocupao of spaces in aterros, the gas emission methane for the atmosphere, apoluio of hdricos bodies for chorume and the exploration of natural resources (mineral) for fertilizer production. Thus, the compostagem is a prticasadia of transformation of organic residues in organic seasonings and would have serempregada wide to search a future sustainable.

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