Alexander Column and the Alexander Column was erected in 1834 by the architect Auguste de Montferrand by order of Nicholas I to commemorate the victory of his elder brother Alexander I of Napoleon. Specifications: Overall height buildings – 47.5 m. The height of the trunk (of a monolithic) column – 25,6 m (12 fathoms). The height of the pedestal – 2,85 m (4 yard). Height angel figure – 4.26 m. The height of the cross – 6,4 m (3 fathoms). The lower diameter of the column – 3,5 m (12 ft), upper – 3,15 m (10 feet 6 inches).
Size Pedestal – 6,3 6,3 m Dimensions bas – 5,24 3,1 m Dimensions fence – 16,5 16,5 m. The total weight of construction – 704 tons. Weight stone scape about 600 tons. The total weight of the tops of the column of about 37 tons. The column itself is on the granite base, without any additional supports, only under its own gravity. Carlo Rossi, building an arch of Staff proposed to establish at the Palace Square, the obelisk, but the Tsar Alexander I did not like this idea. The work was entrusted not Russia, and Auguste Montferrand have Nicholas I in 1829.
In December 1829 a place for the column had been approved. Under the base were scored 1,250 six-meter pine piles. Then the piles were cut at water level, creating a platform for the foundation, according to the original method: the bottom of the pit filled with water, and piles were cut off by the level of the water table, which provided horizontal surface.